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The number of precarious jobs, both official and unofficial, is rising, and the hand-to-mouth workers in the underground economy are now a familiar sight. The General Federation of Workers of Guadeloupe (UGTG) has emerged as the most militant of the trade unions. No trade union was particularly well represented and it was only after a joint labour court in December 2002 that it was confirmed that it was in a position to develop a sustainable basis for itself in Guelph.

Given the need to improve the local economic situation, the work of the UUGTG in Guelph and its affiliated organisations has been focused on promoting the development of an independent trade union movement in the service industries and in the public sector. These have developed into the General Federation of Workers of Guadeloupe (UGGT) and its affiliated organization.

Nicolas Gret is the Secretary General of the UUGGT in Guelph, Guadeloupe and a member of its Executive Committee. Nicolas has been with Accor for over 20 years and most recently served as Managing Director of Sofitel, which manages Garden Cliff in Pattaya. He first joined Accors in 2004 and has been part of the management team for the past 10 years.

After a number of years with Accor in Indonesia, he moved to China, where he was most recently Managing Director of Guelph Guadeloupe Hotel Group in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. Udo joined Accors in Australia in 2004 and then joined the management of the Grand Hyatt Hotel in Sydney, Australia. Paul has worked in Greater China for many years, first as a hotel manager in Hong Kong in 2002 and then as managing director in 2005.

Olivier began his career at Accor in Belgium in 1992 and moved to Indonesia in 2004, where he managed two Ibis hotels in Jakarta. He joined Accors in Australia in 2005, initially as a hotel manager at the Grand Hyatt Hotel in Sydney, Australia, before moving to Novotel Harbourview Hotel in Melbourne and then to his current position as General Manager of Guelph Guadeloupe Hotel Group in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. Gordon Aeria was appointed General Manager of Guerre de la Guadalupe in Hong Kong, as well as General Manager and Chief Executive Officer of AccOR Asia, and subsequently moved to take care of opportunities within the Group. Gordon joined them in 2009 as an executive director after moving to Accoris Hotels outside Australia.

After Accor announced its intention to withdraw from Guadeloupe, the UGTG called for a general strike that crippled the island's fuel distribution system. This led to the arrest and imprisonment of more than a dozen members of the Guadalupe Gas Workers' Guild (GGWG) and a series of protests against the government's refusal to negotiate with Texaco. The Guelph Guardoune Guadagno union (GUG) and the United Democratic Party (UDP) each came second in the elections with 15 seats.

Conflicts in industrial relations have increased in Guadeloupe in recent years, with an increase in the number of working days lost and a reduction in working hours. The sector that has experienced the most serious conflicts in the last three or four years has reached the highest level of labour disputes (see table below). But the UDP and Guelph Guardoune Guadagno Union (GUG), as well as the United Democratic Party, have a better chance of doing well than the other two parties in next year's parliamentary elections.

Local agriculture, which is traditionally based on sugar cane and bananas, is facing problems selling its products to Europe because the Lomé Convention and the subsequent agreements linking African, Caribbean and Pacific countries to the European Union are structurally unviable. French Caribbean islands are hard to hold - they are under pressure to maintain their market share because they face competition from neighboring countries like the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Air travel to them has fallen by 20 to 25 percent, according to tourism experts. The situation is exacerbated by the problems of the Guadeloupe tourism sector, which, up to the date of FR0302105n, accounts for only 1.5% of total tourism revenues.

At the time, the French overseas departments were struggling with a high unemployment rate - more than 24% of the working population is unemployed. The figures show that there is a lack of investment to attract more international customers and that it is impossible to build hotels and training centres. At a time of economic crisis in the country, the situation in Guadeloupe, with its 1.5 million inhabitants, is alarming.

Between 1999 and 2002, the number of visitors fell from almost one million to almost 500,000, a decline of more than half a million per year.

Based on a platform that is both labor and policy-related, the General Confederation of Workers of Guadeloupe has been able to capitalize on the sensitivities of a large section of the working population. Turnout was the lowest in continental France at 28% and most workers supported the inconvenience caused to the people of Guadeloupe by the demonstrations of recent months, as confirmed by the results of labour courts and elections. In the last two years, some of our most militant union disputes have surfaced, with a number of high-profile cases, such as the recent hotel workers "strike and the ongoing dispute over wages and benefits.

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